The guillotine was not invented by the French. They followed theories of cognitive psychology and frustration-aggression theory and saw the cause of revolution in the state of mind of the masses, and while they varied in their approach as to what exactly caused the people to revolt e.
During this period France went through great turmoil due to lack of efficient governance. The new French Republic continued to struggle economically and sought to make enormous changes to French society while committing atrocities against those who did not agree with their policies.
Elections were held in the spring of ; suffrage requirements for the Third Estate were for French-born or naturalised males, aged 25 years or more, who resided where the vote was to take place and who paid taxes.
Several able ministers proposed to tax the aristocracy. King Louis XVI and the French nobility conflicted on how to increase revenue because France had an unequal tax system. He could not be made an official minister because he was a Protestant. In that situation, an event that in the past would not be sufficient to cause a revolution e.
There were memers of the third estate and each of the first and second estates.
The Thermidorian Reaction During the ensuing period of the Thermidorian Reaction, government was so weakened that anarchy and runaway inflation almost overwhelmed the republic. The feudal regime had been weakened step-by-step and had already disappeared in parts of Europe.
Tiryakianand Mark Hagopianfollowed in the footsteps of Talcott Parsons and the structural-functionalist theory in sociology; they saw society as a system in equilibrium between various resources, demands and subsystems political, cultural, etc.
A campaign of dechristianization, marked by a new Revolutionary Calendar computed from Sept. It was the bourgeoisie, educated, yet without many privileges allotted to the First and Second Estate that began to question whether they could also change their social and political standing in France.
The non-aristocratic members of the Third Estate now represented 98 percent of the people but could still be outvoted by the other two bodies.
This added to the already massive Government debt. Study Questions 1 Although many accounts of the French Revolution focus on the actions of the Girondins and Jacobins, nearly every major step of the Revolution was incited by the sans-culottes.
Apart from the National Assembly, the common people of France, inspired by the ideals of liberty and equality, had decided to revolt against injustice.
The death of the imprisoned dauphin titular King Louis XVII and an unsuccessful royalist landing in Brittany also checked the reaction toward monarchy, enabling the Convention to complete the Constitution of What has it been until now in the political order?
It generated ideas of liberty, equality and fraternity which crossed the boundaries of France and influenced whole of Europe.
Their opponents, the Girondist leaders of the amorphous majority, looked to the provinces and hoped to consolidate the Revolution. It is recommended that you use a courier service that will provide you with a receipt so that you can track the status of your payment.
According to North, inconsistencies between rapidly changing formal institutions and slow-changing informal ones can inhibit effective sociopolitical change. The Influence of the French Revolution: The opposition used this resource to mobilise public opinion against the monarchy, which in turn tried to repress the underground literature.
These two estates enjoyed many privileges under the government and did not have to bear the burden of taxation. Politically, the revolution was more significant than successful. Political historians usually regard the weakness of the monarchy as a crucial factor. On June 17 the Commons took the crucial revolutionary step of declaring their assembly to be the National Assembly, thereby destroying the States-General.
However, the French Revolution was similar in that it hailed the principles of Enlightenment thinking.
While in theory King Louis XVI was an absolute monarch, in practice he was often indecisive and known to back down when faced with strong opposition. In North America this backlash caused the American Revolutionwhich began with the refusal to pay a tax imposed by the king of Great Britain.
Would the clergy owe allegiance to the Roman Catholic Church or the French government?The French Revolution resulted in political change as well as social change. King Louis XVI was the King of France during the second half of the 18th See full answer below.
Although many accounts of the French Revolution focus on the actions of the Girondins and Jacobins, nearly every major step of the Revolution was incited by the sans-culottes. Support or refute this statement. A recurring theme throughout the French Revolution was the idea that there is power in.
Start studying French Revolution Study Guide. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Otto Dann and John Dinwiddy report, "It has long been almost a truism of European history that the French Revolution gave a great stimulus to the growth of modern nationalism." Nationalism was emphasised by historian Carlton J.
H. Hayes as a major result of the French Revolution across Europe. The impact on French nationalism was profound. French Revolution Reasons and Resulting Changes In four pages the French Revolution is examined in terms of the reasons behind it, the resulting changes, its successes and its failures.
Five sources are cited in the bibliography. The French Revolution of is an important landmark in the history of Europe. It was the first great uprising of the people against the autocracy of the ruler. It generated ideas of liberty, equality and fraternity which crossed the boundaries of France and influenced whole of Europe.Download